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Carcharhiniformes

>> Classification > Ordre des Carcharhiniformes > La famille des Scyliorhinidés

Il s'agit du groupe de requins dominants.  Ils abondent sous les tropiques et sont très communs dans les eaux tempérées des plateaux continentaux. Certaines espèces constituent la majorité des requins du large. Le requin de fond type possède un museau allongé, une fente buccale qui s’étend jusqu’en arrière des yeux, une nageoire anale et deux nageoires dorsales sans épines. Les yeux disposent d’une paupière nictitante inférieure mobile, actionnée par des muscles particuliers. Les formes dentaires sont variables : petites, aplaties ou cuspidées, plus ou moins élancées ou en lame. Les requins de fond n’ont pas de dents postérieures broyeuses.


Leurs particularités morphologiques

 


1 nageoire anale ;

5 fentes branchiales ;
2 nageoires dorsales (sans épine) ;
1 gueule en avant des yeux ;
1 membrane nictitante inférieure sur l'œil ;
1 valvule intestinale en spirale ;
Principalement vivipares ;
Vivant dans tous les océans du globe.

 

 

La famille des Scyliorhinidés  

 

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  Nom scientifique   Découvert par   Nom vernaculaire  Dangerosité Statut UICN
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Apristurus albisoma Nakaya & Séret, 1999   DD
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  Apristurus ampliceps Sato & Nakaya, 2008   DD
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  Apristurus aphyodes Nakaya & Stehmann, 1998   DD
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  Apristurus australis Sato, Nakaya & Yorozu, 2008   DD
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  Apristurus brunneus Gilbert, 1892 Holbiche brune DD
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  Apristurus bucephalus Last & Pogonoski, 2008   DD
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  Apristurus canutus Springer & Heemstra, 1979 Holbiche grise DD
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  Apristurus exsanguis Sato, Nakaya & Stewart, 1999  
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  Apristurus fedorovi Dolganov, 1983   DD
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  Apristurus gibbosus Meng, Chu & Li, 1985   DD
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  Apristurus herklotsi Fowler, 1934 Holbiche à longues nageoires DD
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  Apristurus indicus Brauer, 1906 Holbiche artouca DD
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  Apristurus internatus Deng, Xiong & Zhan, 1988   DD
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  Apristurus investigatoris Misra, 1962 Holbiche plat-nez DD
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  Apristurus japonicus Nakaya, 1975 Holbiche du Japon DD
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  Apristurus kampae Taylor, 1972 Holbiche tapir DD
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  Apristurus laurussonii Saemundsson, 1922   DD
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  Apristurus longicephalus Nakaya, 1975 Holbiche à longue tête DD
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  Apristurus macrorhynchus Tanaka, 1909 Holbiche à gros nez DD
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  Apristurus manis Springer, 1979  
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  Apristurus melanoasper Nakaya & Stehmann, 2004   DD
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  Apristurus microps Gilchrist, 1922 Holbiche porc
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  Apristurus micropterygeus Meng, Chu & Li, 1986   DD
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  Apristurus nasutus de Buen, 1959 Holbiche cyrano DD
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  Apristurus parvipinnis Springer & Heemstra, 1979 Holbiche à petites ailes DD
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  Apristurus pinguis Deng, Xiong & Zhan, 1983   DD
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  Apristurus platyrhynchus Tanaka, 1909 Holbiche spatule DD
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  Apristurus profundorum Goode & Bean, 1896 Holbiche des profondeurs DD
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  Apristurus riveri Bigelow & Schroeder, 1944 Holbiche à grandes oreilles DD
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  Apristurus saldanha Barnard, 1925 Holbiche saldahna
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  Apristurus sibogae Weber, 1913 Holbiche pâle DD
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  Apristurus sinensis Chu & Hu, 1981 Holbiche chinois DD
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  Apristurus spongiceps Gilbert, 1905 Holbiche à tête molle DD
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  Apristurus stenseni Springer, 1979 Holbiche nébuleuse DD
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  Asymbolus analis Ogilby, 1885 Chien de mer tacheté DD
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  Asymbolus funebris Compagno & Last, 1999   DD
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  Asymbolus galacticus Séret & Last, 2008  
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  Asymbolus occiduus Last, Gomon & Gledhill, 1999  
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  Asymbolus pallidus Last, Gomon & Gledhill, 1999  
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  Asymbolus parvus Compagno & Last, 2008  
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  Asymbolus rubiginosus Last, Gomon & Gledhill, 1999  
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  Asymbolus submaculatus Compagno & Last, 1999  
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  Asymbolus vincenti Zietz, 1908 Chien de mer de Tasmanie
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  Atelomycterus baliensis White, Last & Dharmadi, 2005  
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  Atelomycterus fasciatus Compagno & Stevens, 1993  
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  Atelomycterus macleayi Whitley, 1939 Chien de mer marbré
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  Atelomycterus marmoratus Bennett, 1830 Chien de mer de corail
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  Atelomycterus marnkalha Jacobsen & Bennett, 2007   DD
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  Aulohalaelurus kanakorum Séret, 1990 Chien de mer kanak
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  Aulohalaelurus labiosus Waite, 1905 Chien de mer à taches noires
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  Bythaelurus alcockii Garman, 1913   DD
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  Bythaelurus canescens Günther, 1878   DD
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  Bythaelurus clevai Séret, 1987   DD
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  Bythaelurus dawsoni Springer, 1971   DD
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  Bythaelurus giddingsi McCosker & Long 2012   NE
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  Bythaelurus hispidus Alcock, 1891   DD
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  Bythaelurus immaculatus Chu & Meng, 1982   DD
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  Bythaelurus lutarius Springer & D'Aubrey, 1972   DD
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  Cephaloscyllium albipinnum Last, Motomura & White, 2008  
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  Cephaloscyllium circulopullum Yano, Ahmad & Gambang, 2005   NE
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  Cephaloscyllium cooki Last, Séret & White, 2008   DD
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  Cephaloscyllium fasciatum Chan, 1966 Holbiche bouffie DD
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  Cephaloscyllium hiscosellum White & Ebert, 2008  
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  Cephaloscyllium isabellum Bonnaterre, 1788 Holbiche à damier
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  Cephaloscyllium laticeps Duméril, 1853 Holbiche grassouillette
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  Cephaloscyllium maculatum Da Silva & Ebert, 2008   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Cephaloscyllium pardelotum Da Silva & Ebert, 2008   DD
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  Cephaloscyllium pictum Last, Séret & White, 2008   NE
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Cephaloscyllium sarawakensis Yano, Ahmad & Gambang, 2005   DD
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  Cephaloscyllium signourum Last, Séret & White, 2008   DD
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  Cephaloscyllium silasi Talwar, 1974 Holbiche indienne DD
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  Cephaloscyllium speccum Last, Séret & White, 2008   DD
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  Cephaloscyllium stevensi Clark & Randall, 2011   NE
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  Cephaloscyllium sufflans Regan, 1921 Holbiche soufflante
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  Cephaloscyllium umbratile Jordan & Fowler, 1903   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Cephaloscyllium variegatum Last & White, 2008  
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Cephaloscyllium ventriosum Garman, 1880 Holbiche ventrue
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  Cephalurus cephalus Gilbert, 1892 Holbiche tétard DD
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  Figaro boardmani Whitley, 1928  
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Figaro striatus Gledhill, Last & White, 2008   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Galeus antillensis Springer, 1979   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Galeus arae Nichols, 1927 Chien de mer à queue rude
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  Galeus atlanticus Vaillant, 1888 Chien de mer de l'Atlantique
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Galeus cadenati Springer, 1966   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Galeus eastmani Jordan & Snyder, 1904 Chien de mer gecko
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  Galeus gracilis Compagno & Stevens, 1993   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Galeus longirostris Tachikawa & Taniuchi, 1987   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Galeus melastomus Rafinesque, 1810 Chien de mer à bouche noire
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  Galeus mincaronei Soto, 2001  
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Galeus murinus Collett, 1904 Chien de mer islandais
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  Galeus nipponensis Nakaya, 1975 Chien de mer nippon DD
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  Galeus piperatus Springer & Wagner, 1966 Chien de mer poivré
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  Galeus polli Cadenat, 1959 Chien de mer africain
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Galeus priapus Séret & Last, 2008  
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Galeus sauteri Jordan & Richardson, 1909 Chien de mer à pointes noires DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Galeus schultzi Springer, 1979 Chien de mer nain DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Galeus springeri Konstantinou & Cozzi, 1998   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Halaelurus boesemani Springer & D'Aubrey, 1972 Holbiche mouchetée DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Halaelurus buergeri Müller & Henle, 1838 Holbiche à taches noires DD
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  Halaelurus lineatus D'Aubrey & Kistnasamy, 1975 Holbiche lignée DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Halaelurus maculosus White, Last & Stevens, 2007 Holbiche indonésienne
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  Halaelurus natalensis Regan, 1904 Holbiche tigrée DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Halaelurus quagga Alcock, 1899 Holbiche zébrée DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Halaelurus sellus White, Last & Stevens, 2007  
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Haploblepharus edwardsii Schinz, 1822 Roussette vipérine
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  Haploblepharus fuscus Smith, 1950 Roussette brune
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  Haploblepharus kistnasamyi Human & Compagno, 2006  
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Haploblepharus pictus Müller & Henle, 1838 Roussette sombre
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  Holohalaelurus favus Human, 2006  
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  Holohalaelurus grennian Human, 2006   DD
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  Holohalaelurus melanostigma Norman, 1939   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Holohalaelurus punctatus Gilchrist, 1914 Holbiche tachetée
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  Holohalaelurus regani Gilchrist, 1922 Holbiche izak
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  Parmaturus albimarginatus Séret & Last, 2007   DD
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  Parmaturus albipenis Séret & Last, 2007   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Parmaturus bigus Séret & Last, 2007   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Parmaturus campechiensis Springer, 1979   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Parmaturus lanatus Séret & Last, 2007   DD
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  Parmaturus macmillani Hardy, 1985   DD
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  Parmaturus melanobranchus Chan, 1966   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Parmaturus pilosus Garman, 1906   DD
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  Parmaturus xaniurus Gilbert, 1892   DD
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  Pentanchus profundicolus Smith & Radcliffe, 1912   DD
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  Poroderma africanum Gmelin, 1789 Roussette rubanée
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  Poroderma pantherinum Müller & Henle, 1838 Roussette panthère DD
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  Schroederichthys bivius Müller & Henle, 1838   DD
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  Schroederichthys chilensis Guichenot, 1848 Holbiche à taches rouges DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Schroederichthys maculatus Springer, 1966 Holbiche à petite queue
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Schroederichthys saurisqualus Soto, 2001  
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Schroederichthys tenuis Springer, 1966   DD
  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  Scyliorhinus besnardi Springer & Sadowsky, 1970   DD
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  Scyliorhinus boa Goode &t Bean, 1896 Roussette boa
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  Scyliorhinus canicula Linnaeus, 1758 Petite roussette
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  Scyliorhinus capensis Müller & Henle, 1838 Roussette à taches jaunes
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  Scyliorhinus cervigoni Maurin & Bonnet, 1970   DD
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  Scyliorhinus comoroensis Compagno, 1988 Roussette des Comores DD
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  Scyliorhinus garmani Fowler, 1934   DD
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  Scyliorhinus haeckelii Miranda Ribeiro, 1907   DD
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  Scyliorhinus hesperius Springer, 1966 Roussette selle blanche DD
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  Scyliorhinus meadi Springer, 1966 Roussette cloquée DD
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  Scyliorhinus retifer Garman, 1881 Roussette maille
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  Scyliorhinus stellaris Linnaeus, 1758 Grande roussette
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  Scyliorhinus tokubee Hagiwara & Nakaya, 1992   DD
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  Scyliorhinus torazame Tanaka, 1908 Roussette nuageuse
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  Scyliorhinus torrei Howell Rivero, 1936 Roussette naine
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La dangerosité  

 

  Le danger que représente chaque espèce de requins par rapport à l'Homme a été établi sur base des attaques recensées à travers le monde.
 


= aucun danger pour l'Homme.

 

= extrêmement dangereux pour l'Homme.

 

Les statuts de conservation UICN